Human trafficking, a form of modern day slavery, is one of the worst affronts to human dignity in our 21st century world. There are an estimated 45.8 million people in modern day slavery in the world. The Home Office has estimated that there are 10,000 – 13,000 victims of modern day slavery in the UK in a given year. About a quarter of the people in modern day slavery in the UK are children. Since 2010, human trafficking has risen in prominence in Parliament. The Government introduced new legislation – the Modern Slavery Act 2015 which passed shortly before the last general election. The Act extended the maximum sentence, created the role of the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner, provided a statutory defence for victims forced to commit crimes by their traffickers and allows for the provision of Independent Child Trafficking Advocates (ICTAs) to assist vulnerable children.